Both Warm and Cool season turfgrasses are grown in North Carolina. Knowing turfgrass growth characteristics and use recommendations is important for maintaining a healthy turfgrass system and minimizing management requirements. Following is a list of turfgrasses commonly grown in North Carolina.
Annual & Perennial Ryegrass
Some parts of the state are better suited to Warm Season Grasses, while others are better suited for Cool Season. Besides these two grass classifications, you should also consider the following:
Amount of sunlight the lawn receives each day. Shady areas require different grass types than those grown in full sun.
Check soil pH. Some turfgrasses prefer slightly more acidic soil, and others slightly more alkaline.
How much wear and tear will be put on the lawn on a regular basis?
Some lawns will require supplemental watering to survive our areas heat and humidity. Can you afford to put your lawn on a regular watering schedule?
Many diseases occur on the turfgrasses commonly used throughout North Carolina. Most of the diseases included here are caused by fungi. Some problems resemble diseases are caused by environmental or management factors such as cold, heat, drought, high soluble salts, soil compaction, or chemical damage. Careful identification of the cause of a problem is important for the selection of proper control methods.
Spring Dead Spot
What are the up-and-coming pests now? Well we know that billbugs are becoming more and more common throughout the South. The hunting billbug is one of the more common species and we?re seeing damage on both cool and warm season turf with the biggest increase in warm season grasses such as zoysiagrass, bermudagrass and paspalum. We?re also seeing a rapid increase in what was previously an agricultural pest called the sugar cane beetle. This small black beetle overwinters as an adult and attacks warm season turf and is especially attracted to bermuda and paspalum.
Soil insects such as mole crickets and white grubs are rarely affected by cold weather, but can be impacted by dry weather. Rainfall is one of the biggest factors determining these pest's population. If it?s dry during egg laying (spring and early summer) then fewer eggs may survive. Wetter years favor grubs and mole crickets and egg hatch often occurs a little earlier, as well.